Melatonin 5 mg Sublingual Peppermint 200 Tabs by Source NaturalsThe Pineal Gland, otherwise known as pineal body or epiphysis cerebri is a small Pinecone-shaped endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain. It is about 5-8mm in size, reddish-grey in colour and located near the midbrain in the epithalamus, between the two hemispheres at a position exactly behind the third ventricle where it is bathed in cerebro-spinal fluid from a small pineal recess of the third ventricle which extends into the stalk of the Pineal Gland. It is also good to state that the location of this gland is exactly at the same level as the eyes, a reason why it is known as the third eye among philosophers and spiritualists. Mainly, it is made up of pinealocytes. A lobular parenchyma of pinealocytes surrounded by connective tissue spaces characterises the gland in humans. The surface is also covered by a pial capsule. The Interstitial cells, Perivascular phagocyte, Peptidergic neuron-like cells and Pineal neurons are the other types of cells that have been identified in the gland.
Primarily, the Pineal Gland as an endocrine gland secretes the hormone melatonin, which modulates sleep-wake patterns, metabolic function and circadian rhythms (daily and seasonal). The release of this hormone is more in the night and less during the day. In other words, light inhibits its production. Also, melatonin production slows down once puberty arrives in humans. This gives credence to the belief that melatonin prevents sexual development, since children produce more of it and precocious puberty has been linked with pineal tumours.
Problems Associated with the Pineal Gland
Calcification: It is a major problem associated with the Pineal Gland common among young adults. Basically, it means hardening of the Pineal Gland due to crystal production. Calcification of the Pineal Gland arises from fluoride accumulation, resulting in the formation of phosphate crystals. The effect of this will be a significant decline in the production of melatonin and distortion of the circadian rhythm. Another effect is an accelerated sexual development in children more noticeable in girls. Excessive intake of calcium supplements has been linked with Pineal Gland calcification, so it is advisable to take natural calcium-rich foods than taking synthesized supplements. Additionally, since fluoride is present in most toothpaste brands, it would be of utmost benefit to engage fluoride-free dental brands and avoid the intake of fluoridated water. Iodine intake should be encouraged as it is a proven Pineal Gland detoxifier.
Tumours: Pineal Gland tumour is clinically known as Pinealomas. Although these tumours are rare, when present, it could result in compression of the cerebral aqueduct leading to non-communicating hydrocephalus and symptoms such as headache, mental deterioration, visual disturbances and dementia-like behaviour. Pineal Gland tumours are treated through a delicate surgery.
Finally, the Pineal Gland can be stimulated to achieve certain results. To promote sleep, the gland can be stimulated to produce more melatonin by sleeping in complete darkness. Getting out in the sun can also trigger the secretion of serotonin which is a neurotransmitter responsible for mood and energy levels. Similar results are achieved with sun-gazing which is another way of stimulating the gland, but this should be done in moderation to avoid damaging the eye lens.